Here’s a general description of the functionalities and components you can expect to find in such an analyzer:
- Sample Processing System: The analyzer is equipped with a sample handling system that can handle multiple blood samples simultaneously. It can handle whole blood, serum, plasma, or other blood components, depending on the specific tests required.
- Automated Sample Loading: The analyzer typically has an automated sample loader that can accept sample tubes or containers. Once the samples are loaded, the system takes care of the rest of the analysis process.
- Blood Cell Counting: One of the primary functions of a full automatic blood analyzer is to perform a complete blood cell count (CBC). It measures the number of red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets present in the blood sample.
- Hemoglobin Measurement: The analyzer can determine the hemoglobin concentration in the blood, which is essential for diagnosing anemia and other blood disorders.
- Differential Blood Cell Count: The analyzer can classify different types of white blood cells, providing information on the percentage of neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils. This information aids in the diagnosis of various infections and inflammatory conditions.
- Blood Chemistry Analysis: Full automatic blood analyzers also perform blood chemistry tests to measure the levels of various substances in the blood, such as glucose, electrolytes (sodium, potassium, etc.), liver enzymes, kidney function markers, cholesterol, and more.
- Coagulation Studies: Some advanced analyzers may also include coagulation studies, measuring factors that assess the blood’s ability to clot, such as PT (prothrombin time) and APTT (activated partial thromboplastin time).
- Data Analysis and Reporting: The analyzer’s software processes the data obtained from the tests and generates comprehensive reports for each sample. These reports are often available electronically and can be printed or sent to the laboratory information system (LIS) for further analysis and storage.
- Quality Control: Full automatic blood analyzers are equipped with quality control measures to ensure the accuracy and precision of the results. These include internal and external quality control checks.
- User Interface: The analyzer comes with a user-friendly interface that allows laboratory technicians and medical professionals to interact with the machine, review results, and make necessary adjustments.