- Hinged Design: The ROM knee brace is typically equipped with hinges on both sides of the knee joint. These hinges are adjustable and allow controlled movement within a predetermined range, based on the patient’s specific needs and stage of recovery.
- Adjustable Flexion and Extension Limits: The hinges have adjustable settings that allow healthcare professionals to set specific limits on how much the knee can bend (flexion) and extend (extension). This adjustability is crucial as it allows for gradual progression in the recovery process.
- Locking Mechanism: The ROM knee brace may have a locking mechanism that enables the brace to be fixed at a certain degree of flexion or extension. This feature is especially useful during the early stages of recovery when more restricted movement is necessary.
- Rigid Frame: ROM knee braces are constructed with a rigid frame, usually made of lightweight materials like aluminum or reinforced plastic. This rigidity provides stability and prevents excessive movement that could hinder the healing process.
- Straps and Closures: The brace is secured to the leg using adjustable straps with Velcro or buckles. The straps allow for a snug and comfortable fit while providing the necessary support.
- Comfort Padding: ROM knee braces often include soft padding or cushions on the interior for improved comfort during extended wear.
- Open Patella Design: Some ROM knee braces have an open patella (kneecap) design, which relieves pressure on the patella and enhances comfort during movement.
- Breathable Materials: The brace is typically made from breathable materials, such as neoprene or mesh, to prevent excessive sweating and discomfort.
ROM knee braces are used for various purposes, including:
- Postoperative Rehabilitation: After knee surgery, such as ACL reconstruction, meniscus repair, or knee replacement, ROM knee braces are prescribed to protect the healing tissues and help control the knee’s motion during the initial recovery phase. The adjustable range of motion limits allows the healthcare provider to gradually increase movement as the knee heals.
- Knee Ligament Injuries: For individuals with ligament injuries, such as ACL tears, ROM knee braces can provide support and limit excessive movement that may further damage the injured ligament. They are often used in conjunction with physical therapy to aid in the healing process.
- Knee Arthritis Management: ROM knee braces can be used in cases of knee arthritis to provide support and reduce painful movements, allowing individuals to perform daily activities with less discomfort.
- Tendon or Soft Tissue Injuries: In cases of tendon or soft tissue injuries around the knee joint, ROM knee braces can be utilized to provide stability and prevent excessive strain on the injured structures.