The Vacuum Extractor, also referred to as the Malmstrom Type Vacuum Extractor, is a suction device used in obstetrics to assist in the safe and controlled delivery of a baby during childbirth. It typically consists of a vacuum cup or cupped-shaped instrument that is attached to a vacuum pump, along with tubing to create negative pressure within the cup.
- Vacuum Cup: The device includes a soft, flexible, and cupped-shaped instrument that is gently placed on the baby’s head. The cup forms a secure seal with the baby’s scalp to allow controlled suction.
- Vacuum Pump: The vacuum pump is connected to the cup via tubing and is used to create a negative pressure within the cup, enabling it to adhere to the baby’s head.
- Release Valve: The vacuum pump often comes with a release valve that allows the controlled release of suction when necessary, ensuring the safety of the baby during the extraction.
- Assisted Vaginal Delivery: The Vacuum Extractor is used when additional assistance is required during a vaginal delivery. It is often employed in cases of slow progress, maternal exhaustion, or fetal distress to help guide the baby’s head through the birth canal during contractions.
- Avoiding Cesarean Section: In certain situations where a vaginal delivery is preferred over a cesarean section (C-section), the Vacuum Extractor can be an alternative to reduce the need for surgical intervention.
- Shortening Second Stage Labor: By facilitating the baby’s descent, the Vacuum Extractor can help shorten the second stage of labor, reducing the time spent pushing during delivery.
- Minimizing Birth Injuries: The controlled application of suction during vacuum extraction can help reduce the risk of birth injuries to both the mother and the baby when performed by skilled healthcare professionals.
- Maternal Pelvic Floor Conditions: In certain cases where the mother has specific pelvic floor conditions affecting the pushing phase of labor, vacuum extraction can be a beneficial option.